How to store turnips? Do it yourself
Don’t know how to store turnips for future use, here is the guide for you.
Many have heard of turnips only thanks to the fairy tale of the same name. But once the turnip was one of the important food sources of the Slavs, especially in the villages. It was boiled, extinguished, baked, used as a filling for cakes.
Gradually, turnips were supplanted by potatoes, and now only gourmets and connoisseurs of Russian cuisine remember this vegetable.
But don’t be so dismissive of turnips, because it’s not only tasty, it’s also useful.
- Its slightly bitter taste is due to the presence of sinigrin glucoside, which is a powerful bactericidal agent. Therefore, turnips are used for hoarseness, cold cough, asthma, bronchitis.
- Turnip juice has a diuretic effect and also improves the intestines.
The advantage of turnip is that it is well preserved, so under favorable conditions, it can be enjoyed until spring.
When to harvest turnips?
Turnip – a plant that matures early, so the crop can be pulled twice a year. The first beam turnips, planted in March, are harvested in May when the roots reach a diameter of 5 cm. This turnip is eaten immediately, without being stored.
The crop is harvested before the first frost, otherwise, the frozen roots will not be stored for a long time. The optimal temperature for picking turnips is 8-10 ° heat. For digging turnips, choose the dry climate, then the roots will still be a little dirt, you do not have to clean manually, which often causes damage to the delicate skin.
A turnip is pulled out for the top, carefully prying the root cut with a pitchfork or shovel. Immediately cut the greens almost to the level of the head, leaving a small stump.
Vegetables that are stored are not washed, only lightly wiped with a soft cloth (only if the fruit is contaminated).
Turnips removed from the ground immediately sorted. The slightly damaged roots will be processed, and the whole, without signs of disease or deterioration, the fruit is dried a little and then transferred to a permanent storage place, in the basement or cellar.
Conditions to store turnips
Turnip, like other root vegetables, cannot be stored in low humidity conditions. But if the beet and radish skin is thick, then the turnip, with a thin peel and low moisture, will begin to dry out and wilt. At the same time, your resistance to diseases will decrease significantly.
The optimal air humidity in the room where the turnip is stored should be about 90%, and the air temperature should be 0-1 °. At the same time, the room should be clean, with good ventilation.
How to store turnips?
Most of the time, root vegetables are stored in containers, but this method is not suitable for keeping turnips.
Delicate turnips are stored in tight boxes. Before placing the roots it is recommended to sprinkle with ash or chalk. Then, an alkaline environment forms on its surface, which will not allow pathogens to spoil the crop.
A layer of sand was poured into the bottom of the container and spread over the fruit so that they did not come into contact with each other. Turnips fall asleep sand. So you can make 2-3 layers. The sand should be moist can be compressed into a cluster, but the liquid is not felt. Full boxes can be installed in a stack, but not more than two meters high.
Turnips can be stored in racks without slots. Root crops are laid out on the shelves, sprinkling 2-3 cm of sand in each row. It is recommended to add chalk or slaked lime to the sand (for 1 kg of sand, take 1 kg of the additive) to prevent possible diseases.
You can also use sawdust instead of sand, the humidity of which should be about 18%.
If there is not enough space in the basement, the turnips can be placed in tight plastic bags with a capacity of 30 kg. In this case, the bags are placed vertically and are not tied.
Clay is often used for the preservation of root crops. To do this, make plasticine, the consistency of liquid sour cream. Each fruit is dipped in this substance and then air-dried. The thin coating that forms on the surface of the turnip will not allow it to wilt or get sick.
If there is a private home, turnips can be stored in ditches.
- In a dry and high place, they dig a pit 70-80 cm deep.
- Straw is poured into the bottom, on which turnips are laid so that the fruits do not touch each other. They are covered in sand. On top of that, you can build another 1-2 rows.
- The ditch is covered with sand in the form of a 30-40 cm high embankment. To drain the water, dig close longitudinal grooves.
- In winter, to prevent the turnips from freezing, the mound is covered with burnt manure, which is removed only with the onset of a thaw. To scare off mice and other rodents, fluff or tobacco is placed on top of the first layer of sand, which is covered with the remaining sand.
How to store turnips in an apartment?
Don’t know how to store turnips in your apartment?
Here is the guide. The storage conditions for turnips in the apartment should be the same as in the basement or cellar.
We have to pace a turnip in a box, the bottom of the box is covered with straw. Each row of roots pours a little wet sand. So that in winter the turnip does not freeze, the box is wrapped with a blanket.
If the turnips a little, it is stored in the refrigerator. But there it can lie for about 2 weeks.
Before they are sent for storage, they cut the tops so they won’t harm the fetus. Then the turnips are washed and dried well. Placed in a plastic bag, they make small holes for air circulation. Cleaned on the vegetable rack. To prevent condensation from accumulating in the bag, it is best not to tie it up.
Sometimes the refrigerator has very high humidity. To prevent it fruit from getting wet, you can put a paper towel in the bag that will absorb excess moisture from it. A turnip will stay much longer if each root crop is wrapped in paper and only placed in a bag.
Turnips need periodic grading to detect a damaged root early. Turnip is separated from the total mass and sent for recycling immediately.