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Monday, December 28, 2020

Are eggs dairy products? A myth

Are eggs considered dairy products?

Although we all know that eggs come from chickens, some of us may wonder if eggs are dairy. Perhaps this is because the eggs are stored in the dairy section of the grocery store, or because eggs are often grouped with cheese and milk in nutritional pictures. Confusion about whether eggs are dairy could also be due to the similarity of the terms dairy product and animal by-product. But contrary to this somewhat common misconception, eggs are not a dairy product.

Are eggs dairy products

While eggs are, in fact, produced by animals and therefore an animal by-product, they are not a dairy product or a derivative of dairy products. A dairy product refers to a product of the mammary glands of mammals, such as cows, goats, sheep, and others, and the products made from them, such as milk, cream, and butter.

Dairy and egg allergies

Many people who do not consume dairy products also do not consume eggs due to allergies, dietary restrictions, ethical beliefs, or other reasons. However, people who avoid dairy due to milk allergies or are lactose intolerant, but do not have an allergy to eggs, can consume eggs as part of their diet, without the negative results associated with intolerances or allergies to dairy.

Read also:

Dairy-free egg-free diets

In addition to reasons other than allergies, there are two groups of people who eliminate dairy products and eggs from their diets. Vegans are people who choose to refrain from consuming both eggs and dairy - a vegan diet has no animal products or by-products, which means that not only meat is allowed but also eggs, milk, and butter.

There are also some Jewish communities that do not consume eggs with dairy products if the egg is inside the chicken and is not laid. This is because a meatless egg is considered meat and it is not kosher to consume dairy products with meat (not because eggs are considered dairy).

Dairy-Free Egg-Free Recipes

What can be one of the most challenging dishes are desserts, but there are actually several dairy-free egg-free desserts in which you'll find many delicious options for pies, cakes, cheesecakes, cookies, ice cream, fudge, and puddings. A chocolate marble cake is devoid of eggs and butter, and it looks tasty and impressive, so much so that it doesn't need frosting. A smart recipe for Chocolate Banana Brownie swaps bananas for eggs, while soy milk and dairy-free chocolate are included to satisfy any chocolate craving and keep the recipe dairy and egg-free. And who would think that cheesecake could be dairy and egg-free? You will not believe that one vegan cheesecake can be so creamy and luscious

Saturday, December 26, 2020

Masago: health benefits and risks

The Masago is a common ingredient that has recently gained popularity among experts in sushi and Japanese cuisine connoisseurs. Easily distinguishable by its vibrant color and unique flavor and texture, it is enjoyed around the world for both its versatility and its powerful health profile.


Not only is it easy to add to a variety of recipes, but it also features a concentrated dose of protein, healthy fats, and essential nutrients like vitamin B12, selenium, and magnesium.

    Ready to see what else has this delicious ingredient to offer? Let's take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of this unique ingredient and how you can add it to your diet.

    What is masago?

    Masago, also called scent roe, is a type of fish egg that comes from the capelin, a species of fish found mainly in the North Atlantic, North Pacific, and Arctic oceans. The capelin fish belongs to the fusion family and is an important forage fish that is considered a staple in the diets of Atlantic cod and other species such as the harp seal.

    The capelin meat itself is not commonly eaten but is sometimes dried, roasted, or salted. Instead, it is typically reduced to food or oil and used to produce fish feed or fertilizer.

    It is an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids that provides a wide variety of benefits

    It can often be found in masago sushi and seafood recipes alike, and can also be used to increase the flavor of sauces and gravies. In addition to being incredibly versatile, it is also known for its impressive nutrient profile. 

    Benefits of Masago

    Although it is generally consumed in small amounts, it contains a fairly extensive nutrient profile and can increase your intake of several key nutrients, including vitamin B12, selenium, and magnesium. It is also considered a   nutrient-dense food, which means it contains a concentrated amount of these key vitamins and minerals for a low amount of calories. Here are some benefits of masago:

    1. Natural source of vitamin D

    It is also one of the few natural food sources of vitamin D, an essential micronutrient that many do not consume. In fact, a deficiency in this important nutrient can contribute to a host of vitamin D deficiency symptoms, including fatigue, depression, insomnia, and anxiety.

    2. High in Omega-3

    Additionally, the roe of capelin is an excellent source of  omega-3 fatty acids, which are a type of heart-healthy fat associated with a variety of benefits. Omega-3 fatty acids not only help support heart function, but have also been shown to protect cognitive health, reduce inflammation, and help with weight management.

    3. low in mercury

    It is also low in mercury and can be safely consumed, even during pregnancy. According to the American Pregnancy Association, pregnant women can safely enjoy it, along with other low-mercury seafood options, such as salmon and tobiko.

    Other healthy properties

    The surprising composition explains an impressive list of useful properties of masago. It is proven that the inclusion of caviar in the diet contributes to:

    • to strengthen immunity and vision, due to the fact that caviar contains vitamin A,
    • elimination of toxins from the body,
    • vascular strengthening,
    • normal bone formation and development, largely due to vitamin D, which is part of caviar,
    • cell renewal,
    • improvement of the metabolic processes of the sexual glands.

    Omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids included in masago:

    • improves brain function,
    • minimize the risk of blood clots,
    • reduces the likelihood of heart and blood vessel disease, such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, and atherosclerosis,
    • improve blood circulation.

    To avoid rickets, women should use capelin caviar both during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. Caviar is also useful for men since the presence of phosphorus and iodine helps to produce the hormone testosterone, which improves the sexual health of the powerful. The high content of iodine in the calf is considered excellent prevention of diseases of the thyroid gland. In addition, the consumption of capelin caviar has a positive effect on the skin, it neutralizes cholesterol. And the list of amazing properties of the product can still go on.

    Potential downsides of masago

    However, there are a few potential downsides to be aware of, plus several reasons why you may want to keep your intake in moderation, including:

    High sodium content

    First, masago is relatively high in sodium, with 10 percent of the recommended daily value in a single tablespoon. For those who have high blood pressure or heart problems, reducing sodium intake is the key to controlling blood pressure.

    Overdoing your sodium intake can contribute to other health problems as well, and high sodium intake has been associated with problems like stomach cancer and bone loss.

    They are often combined with unhealthy ingredients

    It is also more commonly found in sushi, a popular food that has the potential to be fraught with health problems. In addition to being typically full of farmed fish, refined carbohydrates, and questionable ingredients, the raw fish found in sushi also significantly increases the risk of parasitic infections and foodborne illness.

    Population decline causing ecological concerns

    Furthermore, the consumption of masago can also be linked to some ecological concerns. In fact, the Department of Fisheries and Oceans recently reported that the capelin stock had declined by 70 percent between 2015 and 2018, which is largely attributed to environmental issues rather than overfishing.

    However, that is not to say that fishing is not contributing to the problem. According to some researchers, fisheries often target egg-bearing fish, expel the delicate ecosystem, and contribute to declining capelin populations.

    Read also:

    Not only does this essentially eliminate the next generation of capelin, but it also diminishes the food supply for large predatory fish that depend on species like capelin for survival.

    Masago Nutrition

    It is a low-calorie diet and also contains proteins and healthy fats. It also contains many important nutrients, such as selenium and magnesium, and provides more than 50 percent of the recommended daily intake of vitamin B12 in each serving.

    One tablespoon (16 grams) contains approximately:

    • 40.3 calories
    • 0.6 grams of carbohydrates
    • 3.9 grams of  protein
    • 2.9 grams of fat
    • 3.2 micrograms of vitamin B12 (53 percent DV)
    • 10.5 micrograms selenium (15 percent DV)
    • 48 milligrams  magnesium  (12 percent DV)
    • 1.9 milligrams iron (11 percent DV)
    • 240 milligrams sodium (10 percent DV)
    • 37.1 international units of  vitamin D  (9 percent DV)
    • Riboflavin 0.1 milligrams (6 percent DV)
    • 0.6 milligrams pantothenic acid (6 percent DV)
    • 57 milligrams  phosphorus  (6 percent DV)

    In addition to the nutrients listed above, but also contains a small amount of calcium, vitamin B6 and vitamin.

    Uses and where to find Masago

    Although it has risen in popularity in recent years, it can still be a bit difficult to find and may require you to venture beyond your corner grocery store.

    Asian specialty stores or fish markets are your best bet for a fresh masago rating, but you can also find it at certain online stores if options are limited in your area.

    Although masago sushi is the most popular way to enjoy this delicious treat, the potential uses for this roe extend beyond sushi. It is a staple ingredient in Japanese cuisine and can be used to prepare seafood pasta, bowls, or rice dishes.

    Additionally, some people also mix mayonnaise with sriracha and a few tablespoons of it to make a spicy sauce for sushi rolls or dipping.

    History of Masago

    The consumption of fish eggs dates back to the 4th century BC when caviar produced from sturgeon roe was commonly served at feasts. It was even considered a delicacy and enjoyed as a luxury item in ancient Greece, Rome, and Russia.

    Although caviar was originally produced from fish in the wild sturgeon family, there are many other convenient and affordable options available for enjoying roe, such as roe salmon, tobiko, and roe of capelin.

    While it can be added to a variety of recipes, it is most often found in sushi, a staple in Japanese cuisine dating back thousands of years.

    Although sushi has evolved over time and taken many different forms, the style of sushi that most people are familiar with emerged around the 1750s after the invention of sheet-shaped nori seaweed. Other types of sushi, like nigirizushi, didn't appear until years later in the 1820s.

    Today, this roe are considered a popular alternative to tobiko and are commonly enjoyed in everything from sauces to seafood dishes and more. In addition to providing a tasty flavor and crunchy texture to foods, it can also increase the nutritional value of your favorite recipes.

    Masago Precautions

    Allergic reactions to fish roe, such as roe of capelin, are rare but have been reported. If you experience any negative food allergy symptoms such as hives, itching, or swelling after eating this food, stop using it immediately and consult your doctor.

    Plus, these roe are high in sodium, accumulating about 10 percent of the recommended daily value in just one tablespoon.

    Exaggeration in high sodium foods has been linked to many adverse health effects, so be sure to keep your intake in moderation if you have high blood pressure, heart problems, or kidney problems.

    Make sure you also store masago properly to keep it fresh for longer and reduce the risk of foodborne illness. In general, it is recommended to keep it frozen and move it to the refrigerator only when you are ready to use it.

    It can last up to six months in the freezer but stays fresh for only three to four days in the refrigerator.

    Differences between Masago and Caviar

    It may be one of the most popular varieties of roe, but it is not the only type available. Besides roe of capelin, tobiko and caviar are two other common ingredients that are enjoyed for their unique taste and extensive nutrient profile.

    Tobiko is also a type of roe, but it comes from fish of the Exocoetidae family or flying fish; It is small and orange-red in color with a distinctive smoke flavor.

    When comparing masago versus tobiko, it is seen with the naked eye that masago is cheaper and a little smaller, with a more subtle flavor and a little less crunchy.

    Like roe of capelin, tobiko is versatile and can be used in many recipes, including egg sushi. And because tobiko is slightly more expensive than, the two are used interchangeably in dishes.

    Meanwhile, the term caviar typically refers to a delicacy derived from the eggs of any fish in the Acipenseridae family or wild sturgeon. However, other more affordable varieties are also available and are produced from species such as salmon or American paddle. Eggs are generally salt-cured, can be served fresh or pasteurized, and enjoyed as is, alongside a cookie or bread or as a garnish or appetizer.

    However, there are many concerns about the sustainability of traditional caviar derived from fish such as Beluga sturgeon, by including it on the list of fish you should never eat.

    Final thoughts

    Masago, sometimes called odor roe, is a type of fish egg that comes from capelin.

    Although it is generally consumed in small amounts, it contains a good amount of protein, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B12, selenium, and magnesium.

    However, it is also relatively high in sodium, so it's best to keep your intake in moderation if you have a history of hypertension, heart problems, or kidney disease.

    It's also usually paired with unhealthy ingredients, like in sushi, and there are some concerns when it comes to sustainability.

    It has a smooth, flavorful flavor that works well in many dishes. Try adding this nutrient-packed power food to spring rolls, dips, or seafood pasta to take advantage of its unique flavor and nutrient profile.

    Buck teeth: Causes, risks, and treatment for an overbite

    Definition of buck teeth

    Buck teeth are also known as malocclusion or overbite. It is a misalignment of the teeth that can vary in severity.

    buck teeth

    Many people live with buck teeth and not treat them. Late rock icon Freddie Mercury, for example, kept and embraced his severe overbite.

      Others may prefer to treat their overbite for cosmetic reasons.

      Still, others may need treatment to avoid complications, such as damage to other teeth, gums, or tongue from accidental bites.

      The cause, severity, and symptoms all play a role in whether and how you should treat buck teeth.


      These are often hereditary. The shape of the jaw, like other physical characteristics, can be passed down from generation to generation. Childhood habits like thumb sucking and pacifier use are other possible causes of overbite.

      Thumb sucking buck teeth

      Your parents were telling the truth when they warned you that thumb-sucking could cause buck teeth.

      Thumb sucking is known as non-nutritive sucking behavior (NNSB), which means that the sucking motion does not provide any nutrition as it would with breastfeeding.

      When this continues beyond 3 or 4 years or while permanent teeth appear, the pressure created by suction and the finger can cause the permanent teeth to enter at an abnormal angle.

      Pacifier teeth

      It can cause an overbite in the same way as sucking on a thumb.

      According to research published in 2016 in the Journal of the American Dental Association, pacifier use was associated with a higher risk of developing malocclusions than thumb or finger sucking.

      Push the tongue

      Tongue thrust occurs when the tongue presses too far forward in the mouth. While this usually results in a malocclusion known as an "open bite," it can sometimes also cause an overbite.

      The condition is more common in children, but it can continue into adulthood.

      It can be caused by several things, such as chronically inflamed adenoids or tonsils and poor swallowing habits. In adults, stress can also cause it. Some adults push their tongue out during sleep.


      Some people are born with an uneven jaw or a small upper or lower jaw. An overbite or prominent front teeth are often hereditary, and your parents, siblings, or other relatives may also have a similar appearance.

      Missing teeth, extra teeth, and impacted teeth

      The spacing or crowding can change the alignment of the front teeth and lead to the appearance of overbite. Missing teeth allow the remaining teeth to change over time, which affects the position of the front teeth.

      On the other hand, not having enough space to accommodate your teeth can also cause alignment problems. Overcrowding can happen when you have extra teeth or impacted teeth.

      Tumors and cysts of the mouth or jaw.

      Tumors and cysts in the mouth or jaw can change the alignment of the teeth and the shape of the mouth and jaw. This happens when persistent swelling or growth, either soft tissue or bone, in the upper part of the mouth or jaw causes the teeth to move forward.

      Tumors and cysts in the oral cavity or jaw can also cause pain, lumps, and sores.

      Overbite health risks

      An overbite can cause health problems depending on how severe it is and if it prevents a normal overbite.

      An overbite can cause problems including:

      • speech impediments
      • respiratory problems
      • chewing deficiencies
      • damage to other teeth and gums
      • pain when chewing or biting
      • alterations in the appearance of the face

      Buck teeth treatment

      Unless your overbite is severe and causing discomfort, treatment is not medically necessary. If you are not satisfied with the appearance of your teeth, you will need to see a dentist or orthodontist for treatment.

      There is no standard way to treat overbite because teeth come in different sizes and the types of bite and jaw ratios vary from person to person. A dentist or orthodontist determines the best treatment plan based on your needs.


      Traditional wire braces and retainers are the most common treatment for an overbite.

      Many people get braces in childhood or during adolescence, but adults can benefit from them too. The metal braces and cables attached to the teeth are manipulated over time to gradually move the teeth for a straighter smile.

      Tooth extraction is sometimes recommended if more space is needed to straighten the teeth.

      Expansion of the palate

      Palatal expansion is generally used to treat children or adolescents whose upper jaw is too small to accommodate adult teeth.

      Read also:

      A special appliance consisting of two pieces called the palatal expander attaches to the upper molars. An expansion screw gradually separates the two pieces to widen the palate.

      Invisalign (Aligners)

      Invisalign can be used to treat minor malocclusions in adolescents and adults. A series of clear plastic aligners are made from a mold of your teeth and are worn on your teeth to gradually change their position.

      Invisalign costs more than traditional braces but requires fewer visits to the dentist.

      Jaw surgery

      Orthognathic surgery is used to treat serious problems. It is also used for people who have stopped growing to correct the relationship between the upper and lower jaws.

      Avoid home treatment

      An overbite cannot be fixed at home. Only a dentist or orthodontist can safely treat teeth. Changing the alignment of the teeth requires precise pressure applied over time to help achieve the desired look and avoid serious injury to the roots and jaws.

      For serious problems, surgery may be the best or the only option.

      Living with buck teeth

      If you choose to live with your overbite, here are some things you can do to help keep your teeth healthy and avoid problems that can be caused by misalignment:

      • Practice good oral hygiene.
      • Get regular dental exams.
      • Wear a mouth guard during sleep or times of stress if you push your tongue out.
      • Protect your teeth with a mouthguard when participating in high-impact sports.

      Final thoughts

      Teeth, like people, come in all shapes and sizes. Buck teeth only require treatment if they are severe and cause discomfort or if you are not satisfied with their appearance and would prefer to have them corrected.

      A dentist or orthodontist can help you determine the best option based on your needs.

      Wednesday, December 23, 2020

      Venustraphobia (phobia of beautiful women): symptoms and treatment

      A type of anxiety disorder related to exposure to attractive women.

      Although it does not happen to everyone, it is not uncommon that when we are strongly attracted to someone things happen such as our hands sweating, we turn red if they look at us or that at a specific moment we do not know what to say or what to talk about. It is about a certain shyness in front of a person who attracts us, but who does not generate a greater impediment to us.

        Now, let's imagine that this happens to us with all the people that we find very attractive. And now let's imagine that we are not only talking about discomfort, but about an intense panic that leads us to an anxiety crisis and that causes us to flee from the situations in which these types of people can be. We are talking about a phobia, which in the case of referring to women who are considered attractive or beautiful is called venustraphobia.


        What is venustraphobia?

        We call phobia venustraphobia or caliginephobia to women considered very attractive by the person who suffers from it.

        Thus, the stimulus or phobic situation is the presence of physically very attractive women or considered as such by the person suffering from the phobia. It is not necessary that there be an interaction, but the simple presence of the stimulus could be enough to arouse great anxiety. But they will also generate some anxiety and situations and places, where they may appear, will be avoided.

        It is important to bear in mind that we are dealing with a phobia and not with a simple fear or shyness, which to a certain extent is logical when facing situations in which we expose ourselves to someone who attracts us. It is a very rare phobia but of which there are several cases.


        Venustraphobia implies the presence of extreme and irrational panic and anxiety levels towards a stimulus or situation, a fear that usually generates physiological symptoms such as hyperventilation, tachycardia, cold sweats, tremors and that can even generate anxiety attacks.

        Likewise, the person feels so much anxiety that in fear of feeling it again, they will tend to avoid as much as possible exposing themselves to situations where they have to face the feared stimulus or believe that they may encounter it, or in case of need they can get to face the situation but at the cost of suffering great anxiety.

        It must be appreciated that what generates anxiety is a subjective element: not all of us consider attractiveness in the same way. In general, those people who conform to current beauty standards tend to generate anxiety, although depending on each person the characteristics that cause anxiety will vary.

        Likewise, it is not essential that there be an affective-sexual interest towards the person in question, but simply that it is a woman who is considered as highly attractive.

        Although it is more common in heterosexual men, venustraphobia can be suffered by both men and women regardless of their sexual orientation.

        Effects on everyday life

        Venustraphobia can have significant repercussions for the person. The felt anxiety usually generates a high level of suffering and alters the habitual functioning.

        In this sense, it can affect at various levels. At the work level, it can generate complications at the level of hindering teamwork and reducing the productivity and capacity of the affected person, while at the social level it can restrict social relationships (it becomes difficult to establish or maintain relationships, women who are very attractive are directly avoided or the groups in which they are included ...) and to avoid situations, places or areas where it is considered that women considered attractive may appear: sports, cinema, fashion ...

        In extreme cases, it would be possible to reach isolation and confinement in the home, although this is rare.

        Possible causes of venustraphobia

        Although the exact causes of venustraphobia are not known, it is considered that, like the rest of them, venustraphobia may have a multifactorial origin or etiology.

        Although an evolutionary explanation could be found (there could be pressure and anxiety in the case of heterosexual men and homosexual women to woo a partner considered attractive, while in heterosexual women it could be anxiety linked to competition) It is generally considered that this phobia has a character more linked to cognitive, psychological and learning factors.

        One of the factors that seem to be more common is the existence of some traumatic event or aversive experience in the past in which either an attractive woman had to see or the discomfort was associated with said person. It can be a love failure, a divorce, teasing, and humiliation with respect to one's physical appearance compared to other people (for example in the case of bullying).

        In this case, it would be a form of conditioning, in which it would have been learned to associate women who are considered beautiful with pain, anxiety, or suffering.

        The existence of cognitive distortions linked to the anticipation that the woman will criticize him/her or find him ridiculous is also frequently observed, often also magnifying the attractiveness of said person and underestimating one's qualities.

        It is not uncommon for there to be great insecurity on the part of those who suffer from this phobia, which can make it difficult for them to face the idea of ​​interacting with someone they consider more attractive than themselves, often with a possible sense of inferiority. They may consider that person or the qualities they represent for the subject as unattainable. A comorbid social skills deficit may also exist, although this does not always occur.

        Treatment of venustraphobia 

        As with the rest of phobias, venustraphobia can be treated through various psychological techniques, the most common and effective of them being live exposure.

        The exposure technique is based on making the subject face the feared situation in order not to eliminate, but to effectively manage the anxiety they feel and without the need to avoid it. For this, a hierarchy of exposure will be created first between the professional and the patient, a list of anxiety-generating situations that will be ordered from least to greatest according to the level of anxiety they cause.

        The subject will gradually face each of them (generally starting with those that generate medium anxiety), in such a way that in the presence of the significant stimulus anxiety will appear that over time will diminish by itself. When two exposures are carried out without anxiety appearing or this has been greatly reduced, you can move on to the next item.

        Read also:

        It will also be necessary to work on a cognitive level, first analyzing what causes anxiety in the patient (knowing the specific elements and others that may influence are necessary to correctly elaborate the hierarchy, in addition to having other possible applications), what it means for him or her this anxiety, what you attribute it to and how it affects you Likewise, it will be discussed what beauty implies for the subject and the beliefs he has regarding it or its importance.

        Last but not least, it is relevant to discuss the patient's self-esteem and his beliefs about himself, about how he is and his abilities, and about how he sees the world (and how it sees him). Cognitive restructuring can then be carried out to modify possible biases and dysfunctional beliefs.

        Relaxation techniques, such as diaphragmatic breathing or Jacobson's progressive muscle relaxation therapy, can also be helpful to help control and lower anxiety levels. They can also be used in the form of systematic desensitization, as an incompatible response to anxiety during exposure.

        Monday, December 21, 2020

        Cat eye infection: causes, symptoms, and treatment

        Various diseases can affect the eyes of cats. Whether more or less serious, they always require appropriate care. We discuss in detail the different cat eye infections in this article!

        Cat eye infection

        Your cats can also develop an eye infection. Does your cat have swollen eyes? Conjunctivitis in cats is rather common. In the next few lines, we give you tools to find out how to relieve cat eye infection in the long term from the comfort of your home. I will also discuss the symptoms of an eye infection in cats, its causes, and other relevant things about it. 

          Now let's start our article. I will first explain the causes of cat eye infection. Read on to understand why your cat gets these nasty infections. 

          Cat eye infection: symptoms

          Normally, the cat's eyes are clear and have no discharge, the edges of the eyelids are smooth with no scabs or redness, and the third eyelid (called the nictitating membrane ) should not be visible.

          Definition of infection

          Infection is damage to the body or part of the body by a virus, bacteria, fungus, or even a parasite.

          These "intruders" multiply and cause a defensive reaction on the part of the body, usually leading to fatigue and fever.

          Signs of an eye infection in cats

          It is quite easy to spot an abnormality in your cat's eyes. In the case of cat eye infection, you will observe (in one eye or both):

          • a thick, sticky discharge that is yellow, greenish, or sometimes even reddish-brown;
          • his eyelids may be sticky from the pus;
          • the cat has itchy eyes, it rubs with its paws, often blinks;
          • the eyelids may also be a little swollen, red, irritated;
          • the nictitating membrane may be partially or totally visible.

          Possible causes of eye infection in cats

          As we have seen, an infection can have several causes of cat eye infection (viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic), but which are, in cats, those which are most often encountered?

          Cat herpes

          The herpes virus, one of the three viruses responsible for the common cold in cats, is an aggressive virus that particularly affects:

          • young kittens;
          • those who lack immunity;
          • cats living in groups;
          • those who are under great stress.

          Its most characteristic symptom is a cat eye infection with thick reddish-brown discharge (as well as purulent nasal discharge, cough, general depression).

          It can be fatal, is very contagious, and the affected cat can remain a carrier for life: the virus will thus reactivate cyclically, "taking advantage" of great stress or a decrease in the body's immunity. 'he infected to resurface.

          Cat herpes

          This is an infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydophila felis. Easily contagious between cats, it has the particularity of causing conjunctivitis first in one eye, before infecting the second.

          The eyes run, the eyelids are swollen, the cat has difficulty keeping the eyes wide open, the nictitating membrane is visible and red.

          Learn more about

          Venustraphobia (phobia of beautiful women): symptoms and treatment

          Chlamydophila felis is also one of the bacteria making up the formidable recipe for cat common cold (in addition to viruses!).

          Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)

          This pathology can also trigger an infection in the eyes. Finally, we can meet uveitis (= infection of the iris of the eye and its vascularized layers) and keratitis (which is an infection of the cornea). An eye infection can also cause an ulcer, which is a loss of material from the surface of the eye.

          Recommendations in case of cat eye infection

          As usual, it is advisable to never let a health problem set in. The eyes are fragile organs, they must be carefully monitored. So in case of doubt or proven conjunctivitis, make an appointment without delay!

          The veterinarian will do a general examination to establish his diagnosis;

          He will take a sample of the discharge to determine if the infection is due to a bacteria or a virus, after which he can adapt the treatment;

          Usually, the vet will prescribe antibiotics.

          Medicines can be given as tablets for the cat to swallow or as an injection by the veterinarian. We must also:

          In prevention, there are vaccines that can protect your cat, to do when he is a kitten.

          To clean your little feline's eyes, use a compress soaked in physiological saline, working from the inside to the outside. Never use cotton, the fibers of which could damage the already irritated eye.

          Read also: Marie Antoinette syndrome: Can we turn hair white?

          Finally, remember never to use products from your pharmacy to treat your cat's eyes, the different molecules and dosages could have serious consequences on his health.

          Natural homemade treatment for cat eye infection

          Here are some things you can do at home to help relieve your cat of conjunctivitis. These aren't magic recipes for treating acute conjunctivitis, but they can be of great help at the first sign of an eye infection. 

          Cleaning and irrigation


          Do you think your cat has conjunctivitis because his eyes are crusted? You can relieve it by making a homemade physiological saline solution to use for cleaning and irrigating the eyes temporarily (it is safer to use an ophthalmic irrigation solution for veterinary use).

          Read also:

          To prepare a  homemade cleaning solution, some suggest this homemade recipe:

          Mix ¼ teaspoon of salt with one cup of lukewarm water. Then soak a gauze to place a few drops of the solution in the cat's eyes, to rinse them. You can then clean the rim of the eyelids and remove the scabs by moistening them. This will prevent blockage of the tear ducts. 

          Sunday, December 20, 2020

          How heavy should my cat be?

          Cats can gain or lose weight with little notice, but these variations can have long-term effects on their health. Here are some things to keep in mind if you think your cat's weight may be a problem.

            Although your cat's weight will change throughout its life, it is important to be able to recognize when this weight, either by excess or by default, becomes a health problem. If you are gaining or losing weight slowly, this can be difficult, but there are several things to keep in mind.

            How heavy should my cat be?

            What are the most likely cats to gain weight?

            The following are the cats most at risk of gaining weight:

            • European shorthair cats, more than purebreds
            • Those who are 5 to 10 years old and have low activity levels
            • Male cats
            • Neutered cats, since sterilization can promote rapid weight gain
            • Those who eat uncontrollably and more than recommended
            • Indoor cats with little time for exercise and play

            How to control your cat's weight

            There are many variables that affect a cat's weight, such as size, breed, sex, and age. Therefore, weighing the cat and comparing its weight to an "ideal weight" will not always give accurate results. It is best to control the cat's weight at home with a few simple steps.

            Read also: Marie Antoinette syndrome: Can we turn hair white?

            When looking at your cat in profile from above, you should be able to easily see the bones, including the hollow in the side, and clearly distinguish between the thorax and abdomen (chest and stomach). If the outline is very pronounced, the weight of the cat may be low; If the outline is rounded and not easily defined, the cat may be overweight.

            Feeling your cat can give you a good idea of whether or not its weight is healthy. Look carefully to see if you can palpate and count the ribs, palpate the vertebrae and muscles of the back, and if there is an accumulation of fat in the abdomen. Then you can use the following guidelines to see if you should be concerned about the cat's weight:

            • If you can feel the ribs, but they are not prominent, the cat's weight is healthy
            • If you can feel the ribs, but not count them, the cat is overweight
            • If you cannot feel the ribs at all, the cat is obese

            If you have any concerns regarding your cat's health, it is important that you take him to the vet. He or she can perform the same exam in addition to other tests to determine your weight.

            Know the Warning Signs Regarding Your Cat's Weight

            If you notice your cat losing or gaining weight quickly, it may indicate a larger underlying problem. If the loss or gain of weight is accompanied by digestive problems such as vomiting and diarrhea, changes in the quality of the skin or hair, and changes in their mood, you should go without fail to your veterinarian for a full diagnosis.

            If your cat is at its ideal weight, you give it quality food, play, exercise, and enjoy your company, it will lead a healthier and happier life. Recognizing when their weight could be a problem will allow you to quickly detect and resolve any problems, getting your cat back on the road to a long and healthy life.

            Can dogs eat potatoes? | Information without myths

            When it comes to caring for dogs, an important point is a food, and that is why many people wonder if dogs can eat potatoes? This being a very common food in our kitchens and by which our dog can be attracted.

              This question may sound trivial to some people, but it is actually more crumb than meets the eye because there are some confusing ideas about whether potatoes are good or bad for dogs. So can dogs eat potatoes? Here is the answer !:

              Can dogs eat potatoes?
              Can dogs eat potatos?

              Can dogs eat potatoes?

              The good part is that this toxic alkaloid disappears when we boil the potatoes. That is to say, to give potatoes to the dogs without hurting them, it is enough to boil them, and thus any resentment is avoided. In this way, we can give our dog potatoes without fear. The rules for feeding potatoes to our dogs are:

              • Do not give raw potatoes to a dog, do not have potato plants near them because dogs have a special gift for eating the most unlikely things. -A being that is capable of swallowing a plastic, a mussel shell, or a used sock ... without a doubt, it is capable of eating potato chips 
              • Give your dog potatoes as part of his diet without fear because they are great, but always boiled potatoes! Boiled potatoes are healthy and not fattening, they have about  140 kilocalories per 100 grams.
              • As an advice, Give your dog the boiled potatoes with skin (well washed before boiling), because the skin of the potatoes contributes potassium, sodium, and fiber.
              • And finally, dogs don't need salt as a condiment, so when you cook potatoes or anything else for them, no salt is better!

              Potato hurts dogs, right?

              I have read comments on the internet and seen a YouTube video (with many views, by the way) in which it is stated that dogs should not eat potatoes because potatoes are harmful to dogs. That is flatly false. And it's a shame because those videos have thousands of views and the information that they are releasing to the public is simply not true.

              The potato is a tuber native to the Andes, which grows underground and is one of the basic foods of humanity. It is grown and consumed everywhere, and it will be for a reason!

              The reality is that the potato is good food for dogs, which are carnivores, but "wide-sleeved", let's say. That is, certainly, the diet of dogs should be based on meat but it can also be supplemented with a percentage of potatoes, rice, vegetables, and some fruits.

              And speaking of potatoes,  what does the potato contribute to dogs in nutritional terms? Well, potatoes or potatoes have these benefits for dogs:

              • They are a source of slow-absorbing carbohydrates. That is, it is energy, but healthier than if we gave it in the form of rapidly absorbed sugars.
              • potatoes are a source of fiber for dogs, and even more so if eaten with their skin
              • contain B vitamins
              • potatoes or potatoes contain minerals such as selenium or potassium
              • potatoes are low in calories. This may surprise you, but it is so. Boiled potatoes are not very fattening, which is interesting especially if your dog is obese or has a tendency to gain weight.

              One hundred grams of boiled potatoes have about 140 kilocalories. On the other hand, one hundred grams of pasta or rice, which are also carbohydrates, are above 250 kilocalories. Therefore, for a dog with a tendency to gain weight, it would be more interesting to opt for potatoes as a supplement to their diet.

              Another great advantage of potatoes is their low price, compared to other foods. So if you need to save, or really need to make your dog's recipes cheaper, adding a little potato is a good option so that his food will spread you more.

              Can dogs eat potatoes or are they toxic?

              Here is the crux of the matter ... Cooked potato is not toxic to dogs. What is toxic to cats and dogs is:

              • the raw potatoes, when bearing a saved time and begin to turn green
              • the outbreaks in the potatoes when they start to sprout
              • the leaves and stem of potato plants
              This is because raw potatoes and the potato plant contain a substance called solanine. Solanine is a bitter and toxic compound, both for animals (dogs and cats) and for humans, did you know? That is, you should not eat raw potatoes with green sprouts either. Although more or less, by common sense, we do not.

              Obviously, not all dogs are equally strong or resistant, but in general, it must be said that the solanine present in raw potato sprouts is a substance that can be toxic even in small doses. So?

              Can dogs eat potatoes French fries?

              If you wonder if dogs can eat potato chips, the answer is yes. You can give a dog a few chips and potato chips but in moderation. This is for two reasons, on the one hand, if they are chipped type fries, they come with a lot of salt. And salt is not necessary for the diet of dogs. In fact, it can be quite detrimental to your health (and humans, too!).

              The second reason is that French fries have many more calories than boiled potatoes. We said that when boiled they had about 140 kilocalories per one hundred grams. Well, French fries can reach 450 kilocalories per 10 grams. This, as you can see, makes the French fries much more caloric and fattening much more than the boiled ones.

              In conclusion, if one day as an exception you want to give your dog some of your French fries as a treat so that he can try them, yes you can. But you should not give him a lot of chips, or do it every day. It is not a toxic food for dogs, but they are quite fattening, and have added salt. It is much better to add boiled potatoes to the diet of our dogs.

              Saturday, December 19, 2020

              Indoor vs outdoor cats: Choose the best one

               Are you interested in adopting a cat? And you want to know, indoor vs outdoor cats, which suits you the best. If this is the case, you will not only have to choose your future companion according to its race, its sex, or its temperament. The issue of outdoor outings should be seriously considered. 

              Indoor vs outdoor cats

              You need to determine whether or not your cat will be able to go outside for a walk. What are the advantages of letting your cat roam freely? Do indoor cats have a longer life expectancy? The question then is: indoor vs outdoor cats, which lifestyle has the most advantages?

                Very often, the possibility of having access to the outside cannot be invented. It is difficult for an indoor cat to go outside. Many cats insist on going outside, once or twice a day. These cats have forged close ties with nature, and have always had the possibility and the habit of going out. They are part of the category of active cats.

                Indoor cat or outdoor cat: a question of the breed?

                Whether your feline falls into the outdoor cat category or not, it usually depends on its breed. Nature lovers like Norwegians or Maine Coon value their freedom and therefore the possibility of going out. Active cat breeds like the Bengal also enjoy letting off steam in the great outdoors.

                Conversely, the British Shorthair and cats Persian are among the cats of a rather calm nature, which will be quite adapted to live in an apartment. The Devon Rex belongs to the breeds of cats that are typically referred to as indoor cats or apartment cats. Because of their sparse coat, they are very sensitive to cold.

                Indoor vs outdoor cats: a question of safety

                Is it safe to let your cat go outside? This is a question many cat owners ask themselves. The risk of injury will naturally be greater or lesser, depending on the environment around your home. 

                Do you live on a busy street? The risk of collision with a car is then high! In addition, cat lovers living in the countryside should inquire about the potential existence of a hunting ground nearby and the presence of large predators such as foxes and eagles. 

                Not to mention that poison baits are also fatal for cats! C hat indoor vs outdoor cats, both are vulnerable when they leave the house!

                If you feel that it is too risky for your cat to walk outside, you can offer him small outings in complete safety in an outdoor enclosure or on a secure balcony, by protective nets for example. The latter option is particularly suitable for indoor cats living in cities and cats of a calm nature.

                In addition, walking your indoor or outdoor cat after a cat leash is much safer. But walking your cat using a leash requires training! If you skip the steps, your feline may get tangled up with the brushes on the leash, or worse, hurt himself due to his nervousness. 

                A cat's body is not as stable as a dog's. This is why you should focus on the harness to collars, so that you can catch your cat in the event of an accident, without hurting him. Harnesses in the form of a vest are particularly suitable, since they distribute the pulling force better on the cat's back and chest, without being uncomfortable.

                Indoor vs outdoor cats, the difference is not huge in terms of security. The risk factor mainly depends on your living conditions.

                Read also: Marie Antoinette syndrome: white hair myth?

                Health advice: Indoor vs outdoor cats?

                Before a house cat or outdoor cat can enjoy going outdoors, you will need to have them taken to the vet. The latter will present the vaccines necessary for your cat and may also prescribe products antiparasitics for cats especially to protect against fleas and ticks. Outdoor cats should also be vaccinated against the common cold and the feline flu. 

                You will need to regularly make sure that your adventurer cat is not infected with worms, especially if there are elderly people or children in your household. The use of preventive products against ticks is absolutely essential! If you have any questions, contact your veterinarian, he can provide you with information and advice.

                It is useful to clarify that only sterilized cats should be allowed to go out without supervision. Even if adorable little kittens would make you fall in love, seriously ask yourself if you could find a good home for all the little kittens that you might have a litter. 

                As an indication, in ten years, a couple of cats can be at the origin of 80 million births, if we also consider the reproduction of their descendants. The castration or sterilization of the cat is a small intervention that protects your unwanted reproductions cat.

                In summary: outdoor outings are beneficial for the health of your indoor cat or outdoor cat, provided that you guarantee him all the protection he needs: vaccines, preventive parasiticides, and sterilization.

                Indoor vs outdoor cats: coat care

                It is not all about your cat's health… Long-haired or dense-haired cats require more care if they go outside. It mainly depends on your cat's voting habits: if they love to roam the undergrowth, you will have to resort to using comb and brush. 

                Take advantage of combing your cat to inspect its body for ticks. If you ever find them, get rid of them before they set in! If you should find ticks already firmly attached to your cat's skin, remove them using a hook or tick clip.

                Often, outdoor cats don't like to look like cats straight out of show contests. It's up to you to find the right balance during their brushing session!

                A different diet for indoor vs outdoor cats

                Outdoor cats have higher energy requirements than their indoor mates. On the other hand, they are more exposed to the risk of disease. Adventurous cats should consume food specially designed for outdoor cats.

                If your cat roams freely in the neighborhood, he will gladly accept sweets - more or less healthy - than your neighbors will offer him! It is often difficult for cat owners to know what their protégé has eaten and where he has eaten.

                In many cases, the bowl of croquettes or the food you serve him stays full since your cat finds that the food of the neighbors tastes better. This phenomenon is particularly problematic if you feed your cat-specific croquettes. The best thing to do then is to go see your neighbors and gently ask them to stop feeding your cat, for medical reasons. If your cat is a budding mouse hunter, the problem is not ready to be solved ...

                The choice is yours: Indoor cat or an outdoor cat?

                After reviewing all the pros and cons of the indoor and outdoor lifestyle, a question arises: what are the benefits for your cat? Domestic cats resemble their wild ancestors, both physically and psychologically. They are small predators who like to let off steam and take on challenges. This is exactly what being outdoors allowing them. Of course, your cat should only be able to go outdoors if the place is suitable, that is, if it is sufficiently secure. When making your decision, take into account your cat's living conditions and the demands of their breed or character.

                Here are some arguments for indoor vs outdoor cats:

                Arguments in favor of exclusively indoor cats

                • This reduces the chances of catching diseases from other cats, such as the incurable and fatal feline immunodeficiency virus, a sort of AIDS equivalent.
                • This reduces the chances of catching fleas or worms.
                • They will also be less stressed because they will feel comfortable in their environment, without fear of being attacked by another cat.
                • No risk of being killed by a car.
                • No risk of unplanned pregnancy in unsterilized cats.
                • No risk of being attacked/killed by another animal.

                You might think that if a cat has never been exposed to the outdoors, it won't know what is missing. He will therefore be calmer and less stressed in the house. This point is however subject to debate.

                Popular indoor cat breeds include Russian Blue, Persian, and Ragdoll due to their low activity level and relaxed temperament.

                Arguments in favor of outdoor cats

                • The cat will be more stimulated and will exercise on its own: indoor cats will need more toys, cat trees, and play sessions to maintain their shape and weight.
                • If the cat has been allowed to go outside all his life, he will be stressed to be suddenly deprived of this freedom.
                • No more smelly litter in your home once your cat has learned to defecate outside.

                The most popular outdoor cat breeds include the Burmese, Siamese, Korat, Norwegian, and Oriental.

                Can cats eat chocolate? Here are the facts

                Chocolate is one of the most consumed and appreciated delicacies in the world, there are even people who consider themselves addicted to this food. Because it's so delicious, some guardians sometimes want to share this food with their little companions without wondering if cats can eat chocolate.

                Can cats eat chocolate?

                In this article Can cats eat chocolate? we explain why cats cannot eat chocolate so that you can get to know your feline companion better and provide him with optimal nutrition.

                  Can you give chocolate to a cat?

                  Can cats eat chocolate? This is the question and what will happen? While there are some human foods that cats can eat, chocolate is one of the prohibited foods for them and can seriously affect their health and well-being. For this reason, we must never offer or leave within the reach of our felines any food or drink containing chocolate and/or its derivatives. Thus, chocolate is dangerous for cats.
                  Chocolate is one of the foods you shouldn't feed your cat like:

                  • Salty foods
                  • Milk and dairy products
                  • Lemon and vinegar
                  • Onion, leek, garlic
                  • Avocado
                  • The dried fruit
                  • The sweets

                  Next, we will explain to you why chocolate is dangerous for cats and what to do if chocolate is swallowed in this article Can cats eat chocolate? 

                  Why is chocolate dangerous for cats?

                  The main reason cats cannot eat chocolate is that this food contains two substances that their body is not ready to digest, caffeine and theobromine.

                  The first substance, caffeine, is well known to be present in many foods and drinks that we consume on a daily basis, especially in coffee and its derivatives. Theobromine, on the other hand, is a less popular compound that occurs naturally in cocoa beans and can also be added artificially to chocolate and chocolate products during industrial manufacturing.

                  Read also: Marie Antoinette syndrome: Can we turn hair white?

                  Why is theobromine added to chocolate? Basically because, together with caffeine, this substance is responsible for that feeling of happiness, pleasure, relaxation, or stimulation that we experience when we consume these foods. Although less potent than caffeine, theobromine has a longer effect and acts directly on the nervous system, which has an additional impact on cardiac, respiratory, and muscle functions.

                  In humans, moderate consumption of chocolate can provide stimulating, antidepressant or energizing action. But cats and dogs don't have enzymes to digest chocolate or metabolize these two substances already mentioned. For this reason, drinks and foods containing chocolate or cocoa can poison the bodies of our friendly cats.

                  We must not forget either that chocolate contains sugars and fats in its preparation, which gives it a high energy value. Therefore, consumption can also lead to rapid weight gain, as well as possible elevation of blood glucose and cholesterol levels.

                  What's more, commercial chocolates often include milk in their nutritional formula, so they can cause allergies in cats as well. Remember that, contrary to what legends claim, milk is not a portion of suitable food for cats, since the vast majority of adult cats are lactose intolerant.

                  Effects of chocolate on the cat

                  Due to their difficulty in metabolizing caffeine and theobromine, cats often experience digestive issues after eating chocolate, such as vomiting and diarrhea. It is also possible to observe alterations in his usual behavior and symptoms of hyperactivity, anxiety, or nervousness, due to the stimulating effect of the two substances.

                  Symptoms of poisoning in cats from chocolate

                  These symptoms usually appear within 24 to 48 hours of consumption, which is the average time it takes for your body to eliminate caffeine and theobromine. If your cat has ingested larger amounts of chocolate, other more serious consequences can occur, such as seizures, tremors, lethargy, difficulty breathing or moving, and even respiratory failure. If you notice any of these symptoms, do not hesitate to go to the veterinary clinic immediately.

                  What if my cat is eating chocolate?

                  Since cats do not perceive the sweet taste and have developed a natural rejection of this type of food, it is very likely that your cat will not eat this food in your absence, even if you leave it within their reach. However, since cats are particularly curious, we advise you to avoid leaving chocolate or any other potentially toxic or allergenic product, food, drink, or substance within reach.

                  But if for some reason you suspect your cat has eaten any food or drink containing chocolate, the best thing you can do is take her to the vet immediately. In a veterinary clinic, the professional will be able to examine your cat's state of health, detect any symptoms related to this intake, and establish an appropriate treatment.

                  Logically, the treatment will depend on the state of health of each cat and the amount of chocolate consumed. If the dose is low and harmless, only clinical observation may be necessary to ensure the cat is free from more severe symptoms and remains healthy.

                  But if your cat has ingested large doses, the vet will analyze the possibility of gastric lavage, as well as the possibility of administering medication to control symptoms that may occur, such as seizures or cardiorespiratory arrhythmias.

                  My cat ate chocolate, what should I do?

                  When they perceive that their cat has consumed a potentially toxic substance, such as chocolate, many guardians immediately think of making them vomit. However, inducing him to vomit is only recommended when only 1 or 2 hours have passed since ingestion, although this should also be considered the substance or food the cat has consumed. After this time, inducing vomiting in cats is not effective or helpful in removing toxic substances and may damage their digestive tract.

                  Logically, it is essential to know the first aid in case of poisoning to act effectively and safely if our cats or kittens consume food or toxic substances. However, since we usually don't know exactly how much time has passed since ingestion of a substance, the best thing we can do is take our cat to the vet clinic immediately.

                  In the case of a kitten, veterinary care will be essential, regardless of the time elapsed since consumption and the amount of chocolate ingested.

                  My cat drank chocolate milk

                  If your cat has drunk chocolate milk, then he has drunk two foods that are prohibited for him. This is because milk can cause diarrhea and vomiting, while chocolate can cause even more serious symptoms. So, if your cat has been drinking chocolate milk, consult your veterinarian immediately.

                  I hope you will like this article"Can cats eat chocolate? "

                  Ice pick headache: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

                  Primary throbbing headache, also known as "ice pick headache" or "prick and jerk headache" is characterized by severe throbbing pain that strikes without warning and generally lasts 1 to 10 seconds.

                    The shooting pain usually occurs around the eye but maybe felt at multiple sites on the trigeminal nerve. Onset typically occurs between 45 and 50 years aged. Some people may have only one headache per year while others have multiple headaches daily.

                    ice pick headache

                    Most attacks are spontaneous, but headaches can be triggered by sudden movements, bright lights, or emotional stress.

                    Ice pick headache occurs more frequently in people with migraine, continuous hemicrania, tension-type, or cluster headaches.

                    The disorder is difficult to treat because each attack is extremely short. Indomethacin and other headache preventive medications can relieve pain in people that have multiple episodes of primary stabbing headache.

                    Read also: Marie Antoinette syndrome: Can we turn hair white?

                    Primary exertion headaches can be caused by coughing or sneezing fits, or by vigorous physical activity such as running, playing basketball, lifting weights, or having sexual activity. The headache begins at the beginning of the activity. The pain rarely lasts more than several minutes but can last up to 2 days. Symptoms can include nausea and vomiting.

                    What is an ice pick headache?

                    Ice pick headache is a type of headache that is typically seen in people who have a family history of migraines. Warm-up exercises prior to physical activity can help prevent headache pain, and indomethacin can ease headache pain.

                    If a throbbing pain is the central symptom of your headache, it is possible that you have what is commonly known as an "ice peak headache" and it can be as shocking as the oddly descriptive name suggests.

                    Symptoms of ice pick headache

                    If you had a headache during the ice peak, you may have experienced a strong tingling sensation, often around your eyes or around the temple. The stab wounds or jabs do not appear in a pattern, but rather occur erratically, once to several times a day. The pain lasts for a very short time, usually 3 seconds or less.

                    In about 30% of people, the pain occurs in a specific place, while in others it moves. When the headache shots are fixed on one point, a headache specialist must first rule out a cranial nerve problem or a problem with brain structure. Once a nerve or brain problem is ruled out, these ice pick headaches are called primary headaches.

                    Headaches caused by migraines and cluster headaches

                    Interestingly, some people with ice peak headaches report that their headaches start or get worse when exposed to bright light, stress, or movement during a migraine. This means that you can experience both migraine and an ice pick headache (a double whammy, so to speak).

                    Also, if you have a history of migraines, you are more likely to have an ice peak headache. When they occur simultaneously, most people experience stabbing pain on an equivalent side of the top. Ice peak headache is also related to cluster headache, a type of headache that causes a sharp, piercing, or burning pain around a person's eye or near the temple.

                    Other than the association with other types of headaches, little is known about the cause of ice pick headaches. Some research suggests a relationship with head trauma, mild head injury, herpes, disease of the blood vessels in the brain, or nerve sensitization. At present, however, there is no conclusive scientific data at this point.

                    Treatment of headaches with an ice pick

                    Traditionally, doctors prescribe Indocin (indomethacin), a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), similar to ibuprofen, for the treatment of headaches caused by ice problems. With that said, Indocin is linked to some side effects like stomach and intestinal bleeding and kidney problems. Remember to always talk to your doctor before taking any medicine, including any over-the-counter medicine.

                    Researchers have searched for alternatives to indomethacin without much success. COX-2 inhibitors (like Celebrex) may be beneficial, but they also cause side effects like indomethacin, although they are thought to be gentler and safer on the stomach.

                    Melatonin, the same neurohormone used to relieve insomnia caused by jets, has been used to treat headaches caused by ice bites. Available without a prescription, melatonin can still cause side effects such as fatigue, dizziness, and mood swings. A doctor should therefore be consulted before starting treatment with melatonin. Additionally, melatonin is not recommended for pregnant or breastfeeding women.

                    Home remedies to treat ice peak headaches

                    Since Ice pick headaches often coincide with other types of headaches, home remedies can help ease the pain. Simple at-home strategies include:

                    • Reduce your stress level
                    • Getting adequate sleep and maintaining a regular sleep pattern (for example, going to bed at the same time each night)
                    • Exercise regularly
                    • Take the time each day to engage in a pleasant and relaxing activity

                    Another consideration is to keep a descriptive headache diary, which can provide your doctor with an accurate record of your head pain. The journal can also help people with throbbing headaches notice what activities may be contributing to their headaches and what medications seem to be relieving them.

                    Final thoughts

                    Ice pick headaches are not common, but if they do affect you, they are painful and can be heavy. That said, the good news is that there are treatments available. Also, for many people, headaches from the ice peak last so short and don't persist that treatment may not even be necessary.

                    Regardless, be sure to consult a headache specialist for a correct diagnosis of your headache. Other health issues can mimic your peak ice headaches, and these should be eliminated first.

                    Friday, December 18, 2020

                    Why do dogs eat grass? What to do?

                    Surely on quite one occasion, you've got seen your dog or someone you recognize eat grass within the park, and you'll have wondered if it's good to let them eat or should we prevent them from doing so.

                      Dog eating grass is a fairly common behavior in dogs and many owners, concerned about the issue, consult the vet. Next, we are going to try to understand why our dog eats grass and if we should allow this behavior.

                      Why dogs eat grass?

                      Why do some dogs eat grass?

                      Some studies claim that 68% of dogs eat grass on a regular basis. As you can see, it is a fairly high percentage; however, little research has been done to determine the causes of this behavior.

                      There are several theories that try to justify this behavior, so we are going to review them one by one to understand this behavior.

                      Eating grass to purge

                      The most popular explanation is that dogs eat grass to purge themselves. That is, the dogs would eat grass in order to vomit and thus relieve their stomach discomfort or possible parasites.

                      Read also: Marie Antoinette syndrome: Can we turn hair white?

                      But what does science say about this hypothesis? A study conducted by the University of California investigated this question and the results obtained were as follows:

                      • 68% of the dogs studied ate plants or grass regularly.
                      • Only 9% of dogs had symptoms of illness before eating grass.
                      • In only 22% of cases, vomiting occurred after eating grass.

                      If we evaluate these results, we observe that the percentage of dogs that presented discomfort before consuming grass was very low, and also, they did not always manage to vomit after ingesting it.

                      Therefore, consistent with this study, the intake of grass doesn't need to be related to gastric discomfort, and eating plants or grass could simply be a natural behavior of the dog.

                      From my personal experience as a professional veterinarian, I share the conclusions of this study, since I have been able to verify that my dogs eat fresh grass whenever they have occasion, and in no case have I associated that they do so because their stomach hurts.

                      In addition, I keep his deworming up to date, so his behavior is not related to intestinal parasite problems either.

                      Eating grass to meet your nutritional needs

                      There are some experts who claim that dogs eat grass to satisfy their nutritional needs.

                      In the case of wolves, this theory is true since a diet based exclusively on meat would be deficient; therefore, they ingest the contents of the stomach of their prey (which has partially digested vegetables) and eat fruits as part of their regular diet.

                      However, the nutritional needs of the domestic dog are ensured with high-end feeds that already contain adequate levels of vegetables.

                      Studies show that dogs on a balanced diet also consume grass. So we will confirm that the consumption of grass isn't related to nutritional deficiencies.

                      Dogs eat grass because they are hungry

                      There are recent studies that show that this behavior is directly related to satiety, that is, dogs eat more grass when they are hungry than when they are satiated.

                      Therefore, this theory could explain a “grass pecking” behavior in those animals that have food anxiety and don't feel easily satiated.

                      Eating grass as part of natural behavior

                      The ingestion of grass is a common behavior in wild wolves and has its justification. Wild canids eat grass and other vegetables to aid deworming and as part of their diet to avoid nutritional deficiencies.

                      Dogs are descended from wolves, and many of the behaviors our pets exhibit are the innate inheritance from their wild ancestors.

                      It seems that dogs are attracted to the taste of grass and like the habit of chewing it. In fact, it has been seen that dogs that have direct access to grass usually spend a minimum of three minutes a day consuming it.

                      Therefore, we can conclude that at present the most correct theory would be that dogs eat grass naturally and because they like it, this being a normal and inherited behavior.

                      Should we let our dog eat grass?

                      Now that you simply know that it's a natural behavior that is often pleasant for our dog, you're probably wondering if it's good for a dog to eat grass on a regular basis or if it can cause health problems.

                      From an ethological or behavioral point of view, we should always let dogs eat grass if they want and not repress this behavior. However, from a health perspective, we must not let them eat grass from the street or field.

                      Eating this type of herb can have a number of risks to your health:

                      • The grass of the parks is usually treated with pesticides, so if our dog ingests it, it can become intoxicated.
                      • Field plants, although we think they are natural and safe, can be a vehicle for parasites in the form of larvae or eggs and cause infestations in our pets if we eat them.

                      If you want your dog to enjoy eating grass safely, you can consider the option of placing a pot at home and planting grass or another type of edible grass in it.

                      But we must not forget that there are dogs with digestive sensitivity and may not tolerate eating grass well; Therefore, in the event of vomiting or diarrhea, its ingestion is contraindicated.